What causes adhesion in the key ring atom?
For a model of a molecule to work it must provide at least these
1. It must be the mechanism by which gravity works.
2. It must have a mechanical way to hold the atom and the
3. It must be able to provide or change into all the energy
particles that come out when the
atom/molecule is split.
4. It must have a logical unit that determines itís mass.
5. It must be able to connect or not connect to other elements.
6. It must provide the mechanism for hot and cold.
7. It must provide the mechanism of adhesion between molecules.
This section will be dealing with just function 7. What is the
mechanism that causes adhesion between molecules? Electron Ring
Entanglement is the answer. Electron Ring Entanglement will be
referred to as ERE from here on out. ERE is what happens when
the electron rings from 1 atom comes in contact with the
electron rings of another atom. I will demonstrate this
principle with models of 2 hot atoms, 2 cold atoms, 2 very cold
atoms and 2 atoms close to absolute zero.
For my models of 2 hot atoms I have 2 Slinkys. Illustration 1
is below. The Slinkys are much cheaper to buy than to build a
model. In a real atom model each electron ring would be
independent and circling on itís own but this model will
demonstrate the principle of ERE very well. The illustration
contains a yellow slinky and an orange slinky. Notice the
outside edges of the electron rings. There is a gap between the
outer edge of each electron ring. I will refer to this Electron
Ring Gap as the ERG from here on out. The ERG on hot atoms is
Picture Of Two
In illustration 2 below are the 2 slinkys pushed together.
Notice how the electron rings slide into the ERG. Hot atoms
will have a very wide ERG. Also notice the width of the
electron rings. Since the width of the electron rings are less
than the width of ERG the atoms can slide together. This is
Electron Ring Entanglement or ERE. This is the mechanism that
causes adhesion between two atoms. Once the slinkys slide
together, there is a small amount of adhesion or in other words
they stick together. With these hot models there is a lot of
flexibility between the two atoms. The atoms can be moved
together or pulled apart quite easily. The two hot atoms have a
Picture Of Two
Illustration 3 below has two cold atoms. In my initial work
this is where I had absolute zero. Since then I found that I
need to make the electron rings smaller to achieve absolute
zero. I will show the colder models later in this section.
These two atoms are only half built. The idea is to show what
happens on the edge of the atom where the ERE occurs and show
the size of the proton ring in relation to the size of the
electron rings. The electron rings are red and the proton rings
are blue. The electron rings and the proton rings are the same
size. I only used about 20 electron rings made from wire in
each model. A real atom would have thousands of electron
rings. Notice how wide the ERG is.
Picture Of Two Cold
Illustration 4 has the cold 2 atom
pushed together. The electron rings easily slide between the
ERGs. There is less ERE in the cold atoms than in the hot
atoms. The flexibility between the two cold atoms is much lower
than in the hot atoms. The cold atoms have a tighter fit than
Picture Of Two Cold
Illustration 5 has 2 water
molecules. Notice the two
molecules are touching.
When two water molecules touch
there will be some ERE.
The electron rings from one
molecule can easily entangle
with the electron rings of the
other. This entanglement
is what causes surface tension
and some of the friction in the
atomic world. This is how
it works ďMechanicallyĒ at the
smallest level. The
illustration just shows water.
Different substances will have
different amounts of ERE.
For example if you get water on
your hands your hands will be
wet. The water sticks to
your hands because of the ERE
between the water and that of
your hands. Put water on
the hood of your car and the
water will spread out flat and
even. Why? Itís
because the ERE between the hood
and the water is higher than the
ERE between the water.
Next wax your car and then put
water on your hood. What
happens? The water will
form beads. Why?
Itís because the ERE between the
water is higher than the ERE
between the waxed hood and the
water. If you get
water on you, you will be wet.
The ERE between you and the
water is high enough that the
water sticks to you.
The ERE principle will apply to
all substances. Take
pancake syrup for example, it
will have a very high ERE.
It is very sticky. If you
get it on your hands, it is hard
to get off. It will stick
to the hood of your car, if it
is waxed or not.
Illustration 5: Two
Illustration 6 has 2 ice
molecules. These molecules
are much colder than the water.
The ERE is less. There is
less flexibility between each
atom and they will fit tighter.
Whatís the result of this?
Itís a solid. The ice lays
flat and is stuck together with
another ice molecule.
There is very little movement
that can occur between each
molecule. They canít roll
in and out like the water.
The arrangement of the molecule
will affect crystallization or
how the solid forms.
Ice doesnít stick to your hands
or the hood of your car because
the ERE is very low. If
you take a chunk of ice and
break a chunk off you canít just
stick it back together.
Why? You would have to
have almost perfect alignment to
slide all electron rings back
together. How would
you put the chunk of ice back
on? There would be just 2
ways, high pressure or melt the
ice to water, raising the ERE
then refreezing the water back
Illustration 6: Ice
Illustration 7 has 2 atoms at almost
absolute zero. The electron rings in red are half the size of
the proton ring. I only filled in a little over half of the
molecule so you can see the proton ring, which is blue. In my
initial geometry I was wrong. I set absolute zero when the
electron rings and proton rings are the same size. I have since
made the electron rings smaller.
Illustration 7: Two
Very Cold Atoms
Illustration 8 has the same 2 atoms at almost absolute zero
stuck together. There is no flexibility and they fit very tight
fit. Snug would be a good way to describe it. Also look at the
depth that the electron rings penetrate one another. The depth
is way less on cold molecules than it is on hot molecules. If
you were to predict how molecules would act based on
temperature, what would you predict? I would predict that
colder is harder and more brittle. I would predict that warmer
is softer and easier to bend. My wife bought some blue
berries. They were soft and flexible at room temperature. She
froze them and they became hard as a rock. The prediction of
how temperature affects key ring atoms is dead on. The geometry
of each different type of molecule will determine the amount of
ERE at different temperature. The molenum, the number of
protons and electrons, will come
into play in this geometry.
How do metals act? Look at
the work of a blacksmith.
He will take a piece of iron and
heat it till it is very hot.
Then he can easily bend the
metal when it is at a high
temperature. Metals are
more malleable at higher
Itís because of the flexibility
that goes with a higher ERE.
Have you ever seen a blacksmith
make a sword? What do they
do? They heat the metal
and then hammer it into shape.
The hammering makes the metal
harder. Do you know why?
Itís because the hammering
causes a higher ERE and it will
also cause the electron rings to
have a deeper depth between each
other. Then the metal is
quickly cooled. This makes
the sword much harder because it
tightens up the gaps in between
the electron rings as they cool.
Illustration 8: Two
Very Cold Atoms
Illustration 9 has 2
atoms at or near absolute zero. This is extremely cold. The
proton ring is blue and the electron rings are red. The
electron rings are one forth the diameter of the proton ring.
Notice the width of the electron rings is less than the ERG.
They wonít stick together. The gaps arenít wide enough for the
electron rings to fit in. This is the point of zero ERE. This
is the point of where the surface tension in helium breaks
down. Helium becomes a super fluid at this temperature or it
has no friction. What else happens at these temperatures? Most
things become very brittle. Take a rubber ball that bounces at
room temperature and then freeze it to these temperatures.
Bounce the ball and what happens? The ball will shatter into
little pieces because of the low ERE. The molecules in the ball
will just barely hold together and a jolt from hitting the
ground will cause breaks between many molecules. This is all
predictable with the key ring atom.
Illustration 9: Two
Extremely Cold Atoms
That Won't Touch
Everywhere I go with the key ring atom I get mechanical
answers. I can build models and reproduce the phenomenon.
Build your own models. Check out the flexibility and the fit
between the different temperatures. I used wires from a
hardware store. I used a one inch PVC pipe, wrapped the wire
around the pipe and then cut it. All my proton rings are used
with the one inch pipe. I used larger pipes for the hot
electron rings. For the cold electron rings I used the same one
inch pipe. I didnít cut individual electron rings; I just
wrapped the red wire around the pipe about twenty times and then
cut it at the end. Two of these were made for the cold. Next I
slid electron rings onto the proton rings. I made the very cold
models the same way using a one half inch rod. For the absolute
zero models, I did it the very same way using a one quarter inch
rod. I recommend you build these and get two slinkys. Not only
can you visualize how hot and cold affects molecules, but you
can actually feel it. These models work!
There are some geometrical questions that I havenít answered
yet. How long is the tadtron that forms into the electron
ring? How wide is the electron ring? Is the tadtron ribbon
shaped or thread shaped? How many electron rings are on one
proton ring? These answers would make predicting absolute zero
much easier. The electron rings are going to have a coilnum as
they go from absolute zero to very hot. How they coil and the
width of the tadtron is a problem yet to be solved. When things
get cold, the electron rings coiling will cause tightness at the
point it circles into the proton ring. The proton ring could
expand to compensate. The key ring atom will work. The final
geometry is the work yet to be done.
Illustration 10: All
Four Atoms Side By